Features of semantic reading
Reading helps to develop and learn a lot of new things. But not only what we read is important, but how we do it. To understand the text, you need to master the semantic reading. And what is it? And how to learn it?
What is it?
This reading, which implies an understanding of the meaning of the text, the extraction of the main ideas and the most rational and effective use of information.
Why do you need it?
Especially useful semantic reading will be during training at school and at the institute. Having mastered the technique, the student will be able to reduce the time spent studying the material, as he will quickly understand the meaning of the reading and extract all the necessary. But such reading is also useful at work, especially related to the need to study large volumes of information.
What is the point?
Basic reading skills:
- Understanding reading objectives. It is important to find out what exactly the reading of the text will give. So, it may be the development of new information, the selection of specific facts, the repetition of the studied or familiarization with previously unknown data.
- Ability to choose a certain type of reading according to its goals.There are several main types: introductory reading, viewing (search) and learning. Introductory involves identifying the basis of the idea, the search for key ideas. Search or viewing reading is a search for some specific facts and an assessment of the importance and significance of the text. Learning to read the most difficult. The reader must understand the text, master and understand it completely, remember the exact data in order to use it later.
- Extraction of the necessary information, and from texts of the most various genres: art, publicistic, scientific and so on.
- The ability to identify important and basic information in the text and secondary, that is, useless and unnecessary.
- The ability to equally well perceive texts of all genres and navigate them. This is not easy, because there may be complex terms, turns, incomprehensible words.
- The ability to not only accept language media, but also to give them an adequate and objective assessment.
Also, as you study the materials, you may need to make notes or notes, highlight topics and subthemes, use different sources of information and points of view,study new terms and unknown words, use illustrations and compare them with what was written, highlight and memorize individual thoughts and facts, focus only on useful information, understand the content using only subheadings, try to predict further events and even analyze your own thoughts and emotions.
Possible stages of semantic reading:
- Attentive reading of the proposed text. It is necessary to delve into it as much as possible and not be distracted.
- The selection of the main thoughts of the text, that is, what the author was trying to convey to the readers.
- Compare the selected main thoughts among themselves, evaluate their relationship, find out the connection.
- To divide the text into semantic parts, based on the main idea.
- Formulate all the main ideas in the form of questions. Write these questions as points to the outline of the text.
- Reproduction of the text according to the plan.
- Quickly read the text again to check if something important has been missed.
How to learn?
Learning semantic reading is a difficult and rather lengthy process. In general, it is advisable to have a mentor who will help and make amendments.Today, semantic reading is taught in some schools, which makes it possible to learn the program more effectively and quickly.
If you don’t have a mentor, you can try the following techniques yourself:
- Questions It is very important to learn to ask questions about the text. If they are compiled correctly, it means that the information has been assimilated.
- Compilation of the so-called "thick" and "thin" questions. “Thick” is more complex, because it requires a detailed and detailed answer, or even partial reproduction of the text, as well as data analysis. These include: "What will happen if ...?", "For what reasons did this happen?", "What is the difference between ...?". “Thin” questions suggest an extremely simple one-syllable answer. Here are examples: “Who?”, “When?”, “What?”, “Where?”, “Is that right?”, “Was it?” And so on.
- Tasks. You can try to come up with a task for the text, for example, to make a crossword puzzle or rebus. But it will take a lot of time.
- Reproduction of the text. After reading it, try to make a detailed retelling, and observing the sequence and not forgetting the small details.
- Marks. If the text is complex, then in places that require further clarification (terms, dialects, complex turns), you can make notes.After studying the full amount of information, recall the notes made and find out everything that interests you.
- Stop or study in parts. If you find it difficult to immediately remember the entire amount of data and study the entire text completely, try taking a break. Read the part, ask questions, reproduce the information, find out if everything was clear to you. Continue reading further, pausing again after a certain time.
- Outline. You can write down the main thoughts, so as not to forget them.