How to bandage with an elastic bandage?
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The elastic bandage is an irreplaceable thing in any first-aid kit. It can be of different diameter and length. It all depends on the purpose for which you plan to impose an elastic bandage. Let's look at the situations in which doctors advise wearing elastic bandages.
When to apply elastic bandage?
- First of all, an elastic bandage is useful in the case when it is prescribed to wear a tight bandage;
- The gypsum tire can also be fixed with an elastic bandage on the second day after application;
- Elastic bandage is also indispensable for athletes, as it protects them from minor injuries;
- Elastic bandage can be used for the prevention of injuries and in the process of their healing.
Why is the use of this medicine has such a wide use? The fact is that elastic bandages have a number of advantages in comparison with usual gauze bandages.
Advantages of an Elastic Bandage
- The gauze bandage is subject to deformation already at the first imposing,which does not happen with elastic material;
- The gauze bandage is almost impossible to reuse, and the elastic bandage can be wound repeatedly;
- The gauze bandage very quickly weakens, stretches and constantly slips. In turn, a properly applied elastic bandage will “sit” fairly tight.
The benefits are significant, but it is important to know how to properly apply an elastic bandage. For this you need to learn a few rules.
What are the rules for applying an elastic bandage?
- It is better to wind the bandage in the morning or only after the patient lies down with a slightly raised limb for at least 15 minutes.
- When imposing it is necessary to move from a bottleneck to wider. By the same principle, the tension should weaken.
- The dressing should be evenly applied, without any folds.
- The bandage, when applied, is not completely unrolled from the roll, but only outward in close proximity to the skin. This will not allow the canvas to stretch very much and create excessive pressure on the fabric.
- Each subsequent layer of the bandage overlaps the previous one by at least one third. Skin gaps between adjacent layers should not be.
- The bandage should surround the affected area at least 15-20 cm on both sides.
- Elastic bandage is used during active actions. When the patient is at rest, it is best to take it off.
- Do not bandage your knee or elbow too much, it can lead to edema.
- Signs that the bandage is applied tightly: pulsation under the bandage, pain, numbness of the fingers in the first half hour after applying the bandage, for example, on the leg.
Now consider specific examples of the imposition of an elastic bandage.
The imposition of an elastic bandage on the carpal joint
- We start with one or two turns around the wrist joint.
- Then on the back of the hand to the gap between the thumb and forefinger.
- Back to the wrist joint.
- Further bandaging by the general rules.
The imposition of elastic bandage on the elbow joint
- We start with the elbow joint, making 1-2 turns.
- Then to the forearm through the palmar surface.
- One layer around forearm.
- On the cubital fossa and to the shoulder.
- One layer around the shoulder and back to the forearm.
- The last turn is around the shoulder.
The imposition of an elastic bandage on the ankle
- The first turn is above the ankles.
- Then move the heel.
- We continue with one or two revolutions of the forefoot.
- "Cross" move from foot to shin and back.
- Shin bandage ends, within the general rules.
The imposition of an elastic bandage on the knee
- The bandage should begin at 15-20 cm below the knee with one or two turns of the bandage.
- Then we carry the bandage obliquely through the popliteal fossa on the thigh, 15–20 cm above the knee. In this place on the thigh, you need to make a couple of turns.
- Continue dressing should be oblique and reverse movements.
- End the bandage need a circular course around the knee joint.