How to choose good skis for skiing?
If you are planning to go skiing, then start preparing for them with a choice of high-quality and convenient equipment. Find out all the features of buying skis for skiing.
What are skis?
If you choose suitable skis for skiing, then for a start, consider all their types. Depending on the mode of movement, they distinguish cross-country skiing and mountain skiing. The first are intended to move on flat surfaces, walking or jogging. Mountain skiing is mainly used for downhill skiing and slopes.
Cross-country skis are divided into several types:
- The classic ones are meant for skating in a classic style, which involves sliding straight parallel steps on a snow-covered surface. Such movements are easy to master for a beginner, so if you are just starting to engage in skiing, then you can choose this version of equipment. The length of the runners is impressive (more than 2 meters), but they can have serifs or a special coating that prevents sliding backwards and minimizes the risks of a skier falling. Another feature - pointed ends, allowing to lay a ski run.
- Ridge skis are designed for skating style skating, suggesting steps (“Christmas tree”) characteristic of speed skating and moving along rolled tracks, but without paved tracks. The length is less than the classic models (average 170-190 cm), and the middle part is strengthened and can have an elevation, which allows you to increase the rigidity of the structure, increase strength and allow the skier to move faster and overcome the ascents.
- Combined skis combine the features of the ridge and classic, so they can be used to master different styles of riding. Such models are quite rigid and have an average length.
Skiing is divided into the following subspecies:
- For ski cross. Models are maneuverable, but not very stable, suitable for professionals and extreme lovers.
- Carving have a narrowing in the central part, are distinguished by maneuverability and ease of management, the possibility of entering into sharp turns. But such skis require perfect skating skills.
- Fan-carving models are suitable for experienced professional skiers and can be used for riding without sticks, since they have plate-elevations between runners and boots.Maneuverability at altitude, but the maximum speed is small.
- For freestyle. Such models will be appreciated by snowboarders, as the design provides for curved heels and socks, which ensure good slip on unevenness and allow you to quickly rise after a fall.
- Models for ski tour are designed for skiing in areas without lifts, as they provide minimal glide on the surface, are distinguished by good maneuverability and stability. The ride is safe, but for skiers with some skills.
- Models for freestyle backccountry. The main characteristics of such skis - stability, excellent throughput and maneuverability. This is achieved thanks to the considerable width and stiffness, allowing you to ride on snow-covered areas.
- Models with a thin "waist" for freeride are suitable for the most high-speed professional driving, descents from steep slopes. Handling is bad.
- Extended skis resemble snowshoes and are suitable for walking on thawing snow. They are not immersed in loose cover, well managed, maneuverable. The design includes wide noses, central parts and heels.
If for the basis of the classification to take the level of training of a skier, you can select amateur, tourist, professional and children's (teenage) skis.
Criterias of choice
How to choose the right skis for skiing? When buying, be guided by the following criteria:
- The length depends on the type of ski and the height of the skier. The optimal figure for classic models is height in centimeters plus 20 or 30 cm. To calculate the length of skating skis, add 15 cm to height. If you choose the universal option, the formula is as follows: height plus 20 cm.
- Width affects stability and throughput. The wider the skis, the more comfortable it is to navigate, especially in the recently fallen snow. But excessively wide runners will reduce the speed of movement. The average thickness will allow you to ride fast and efficiently in any conditions.
- Stiffness depends on the type of equipment, riding style, skills and weight of the skier, as well as weather conditions. The greater the body weight, the tougher the skis should be, so that they do not bend or inhibit movement due to friction on snow. Ridge models are more rigid, which is due to the need for repulsion with feet from the surface.If you plan to ski only in the winter in dry snow, a small stiffness will do, and it is more convenient to move on wet snow on hard skis. To determine the optimal indicator, you can stand on the skis and try to push a sheet of paper under them, which should pass. If the paper does not pass, choose a more rigid option.
- Material. If earlier skis were made mainly of wood, then today plastic models are more popular. The tree has durability and environmental friendliness, but can suffer due to high humidity and sudden temperature changes, complicate the movement of melting snow due to sticking. Plastic has a smooth surface and excellent sliding, durable, resistant to the negative effects of environmental factors and is strong (provided high quality).
- Notch. It is needed to prevent the skier from slipping back. Such a detail would be appropriate if you are just starting to learn skiing or have been skiing for a long time. With notch movement is more comfortable, but, as a rule, slower because of the increased resistance.
Tip! If you do not understand anything in choosing skis, then go to the nearest equipped track, look for an instructor and consult with him. And try out the skis in the case will allow the rental of equipment.
Selection of the rest of the equipment
For skiing should be purchased and sticks. To rely on them will be comfortable if you choose the optimal length. For skating style fit models for 20 centimeters less than the height of a skier. If you choose a universal or classical model, then take away 25 cm from height.
For skiing you will need specialized shoes that provide support for the feet and securely fix the feet on skis, but do not interfere with movements. Choose a model that is larger in size, since in winter it is customary to wear warm socks and your legs swell and increase in volume during physical exertion.
It is important to choose a suit that is quite warm, comfortable and not chilling. For long and active walks, it is better to choose specialized clothes, as it does not release body heat, but it perfectly protects from wind and cold, and is also light and does not interfere with free movement.
Tip! For outdoor walks in sunny weather, pick up sunglasses to protect your eyes from ultraviolet radiation.
To buy skis for several seasons, choose models of proven manufacturers. These include "Madshus", "Fisher", "Rossignol", "Atomic", "Head", "Salomon", "Elan", "Blizzard", "Nordica".
The cost is influenced by the type of equipment and the manufacturer. Professional models can be bought on average for 200-450 dollars, tourist - for 100-150 dollars, and amateur - for 50-90.
Knowing all the features of buying skis, you can make the right choice and make walks safe, comfortable and enjoyable!