How to deal with swelling before critical days?
Premenstrual syndrome occurs in many women, and it can be accompanied by a variety of unpleasant symptoms. The most common is puffiness. Is it possible to fight it, and how to do it right?
Is it normal or not?
The work of the female body is highly dependent on hormones. And their number throughout the entire menstrual cycle is changing. For example, during the luteal phase, which begins after ovulation and ends with the onset of critical days, the corpus luteum (previously it was the follicle from which the mature egg came out) actively produces estradiol, progesterone and androgens.
And it is these hormones that have the most direct influence on the work of the female body, which explains the changes observed before menstruation, which were called PMS (premenstrual syndrome).
With PMS there are many girls and women: according to statistics, one or another of its manifestations are observed monthly in 70-80% of all the fair sex.But if some do not attach importance to them or simply do not pay attention to the symptoms, then others experience discomfort or even seek help from specialists.
The most common signs of PMS are such as increased appetite or craving for certain foods, a slight increase in body weight (two to three kilograms), mood swings, apathy or, on the contrary, increased nervous irritability, sleep disturbances, dizziness, decreased performance, chronic fatigue, pains in the head or muscles, discomfort in the lower abdomen, abnormal stools, and many others.
How can edema appear?
As a rule, edema is localized on the limbs, especially the soles of the feet and fingers. You can find them by suddenly became close or uncomfortable shoes, as well as difficult to remove rings. But fluid can also linger in the face area, especially in the eye area. And some feel the weight and puffiness almost all over the body, this also occurs.
Usually, swelling is worse in the evening, especially after a day's work. The liquid may linger in large volumes due to a decrease in activity, for example, after prolonged sitting or being in a different position.But some people notice the swelling of the sutra, and they usually appear after a large amount of liquids drunk the previous night or eaten a salty dish.
What are the causes of puffiness?
Why do menstruation occur before menstruation? There may be several reasons, but many of them are associated with changes caused by the action of hormones produced in this phase of the menstrual cycle.
So, the possible causes of puffiness:
- Fluid retention. It is, oddly enough, is a kind of protective mechanism. The female body is thought out to the smallest detail, and nature itself protects women from various troubles. So, the hormones produced during the luteal phase, provoke a violation of the water-salt balance, as a result of which salt accumulates and retains the liquid. Also in the body, the substance vasopressin begins to be synthesized, which exerts an antidiuretic effect and reduces the frequency of urination, which also helps to slow the excretion of water from the body. And all this happens only in order to protect the woman from dehydration and the large blood loss that may occur during menstruation.
- The use of products that promote fluid retention in the body. If PMS is accompanied by changes in appetite and taste preferences, then such a reason can also cause the development of edema. The products that provoke puffiness, first of all, are salty, because salt literally attracts water, absorbs it and does not allow it to go outside in a natural way. But also swelling can occur when excessive consumption of sweets, various bakery products, starchy and fatty dairy products, as well as various canned food and pickles.
- Decreased activity. It is also associated with PMS and is due to its symptoms such as apathy and fatigue. And if you are constantly in one position, the liquid will inevitably linger in the tissues and increase their volume.
How to fight?
What to do in case of edema before menstruation? Minor fluid retention is normal and due to some hormonal changes, so eliminating it is not easy. But if you follow some tips, you can make the swelling less pronounced or almost invisible.
So, how to minimize body fluid retention before critical days?
- Drink more fluids. This advice may seem strange, but, nevertheless, it is relevant. The fact is that the water used in sufficient quantities normalizes the water-salt balance and promotes dissolution of the salt. So a day is recommended to drink at least 1.5-2 liters, but most should be in the first half of the day.
- Change your diet. Exclude from it all products that provoke water retention (they were listed above). If you really want something forbidden, then you can afford to eat it, but only in the first half of the day and provided that you plan to spend the day actively and just move. In addition, you can and should eat foods that stimulate the removal of fluid. They include watermelons (they are original record holders in this regard and powerful natural dieters), tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, cranberries, Brussels sprouts, parsley, beetroot.
- Use well-proven folk remedies, for example, decoctions, teas and infusions based on bearberry, kidney or birch leaves, staminate orthosiphon, field horsetail, cowberry leaves, parsley greens. Ordinary green tea can also help.But coffee is better to give up or at least reduce its use. It is also a natural diuretic, but can cause a number of unpleasant symptoms.
- Try to massage the areas where puffiness is most pronounced. Patting, kneading and rubbing can stimulate the removal of fluid from the tissues.
- Physical exercise will also help, such as jogging or charging.
If you prepare in advance for critical days, PMS will be less pronounced, and swelling - almost invisible. But what to do for this?
The main preventive measures to help avoid severe edema before menstruation:
- Provide your body with useful substances that contribute to the normalization of water-salt metabolism and the natural excretion of fluid. These include calcium, magnesium, potassium, and vitamins of group B. To replenish reserves, include in the diet green vegetables and greens, dairy products, as well as berries and fruits.
- Do not succumb to premenstrual apathy and try to maintain an active lifestyle, so that all body systems work smoothly and fully, and the weight does not increase.
- In advance, exclude from the menu all products that contribute to fluid retention in the body: salted, sweet, floury, pickled and canned.
If you make an effort and learn important rules, you can prevent the development of edema before menstruation.