How to grow a plant?
Growing indoor plants is very exciting and agree with that anyone who has a couple of pots on the windowsill. Potted flowers not only decorate the interior of the room, but also have useful properties. For example, dieffenbachia and chlorophytum purify our air from all sorts of harmful impurities, and the well-known aloe plant is widely used in the treatment of various colds. Let's look in detail: how to grow a plant at home, and what you need to know and be able to do.
Before you grow a plant, you must be familiar with the conditions of care for them. For breeding home nature, you will need:
- planting material;
- soil mixture;
Choosing a plant that you would like to grow, you need to take into account one thing: being a beginner, it is better to opt for those species that do not require special knowledge and are easy to maintain. For example, the same cyclamens and azaleas need special conditions in their dormant period and may be too difficult to grow for beginning plant breeding.But the tradescantia, ivy and chlorophyta are not particularly demanding on the conditions of their content.
How to grow a plant and multiply it? It should be noted that many indoor plants can multiply by grafting. With the rooting of the cutting, it is possible to grow ivy, pelargonium, tradescantia, coleus and ficusy without any problems. Chlorophytes can be grown from their lateral processes, and some types of succulents reproduce well with leaf cuttings. The most suitable season for cutting is spring. In order to start cutting a certain plant, it is necessary to cut a young shoot from that plant that can be propagated by cutting. Its length should be five to seven cm.
Root the cuttings themselves must be in a wet substrate or in water. If you want to root them in water, then you need to choose an opaque container. Pour into it the separated water at room temperature and place the cuttings in the water so that the leaves that remain on the shoots cannot touch the water. In some cases, you can add a tablet of activated carbon directly into the water.
In the process of rooting our escape, the water can not be changed constantly, but be sure to check its condition. In the presence of turbidity - it needs to be changed. Do not forget to track the status of rooted shoots. If suppuration appears, it is necessary to cut off the damaged part of our cutting and process it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. And the container in which the cutting took root must be thoroughly cleaned.
After the stem has taken root, it can be transplanted into the soil mixture. For each type of plant there is a different kind of mixture, so before you buy a mixture or mix the soil, you need to know which nature of the soil is right for your plant.
Before growing, indoor plants need not only good care, but also in an individual place and pot. For growing plants you like, the most suitable are clay pots. Pour drainage material on the bottom of our pot. You can use for this coarse sand, expanded clay, foam with the addition of hydrogel, as well as ceramic drainage. On the layer of existing drainage you need to pour a moistened soil mixture, and now your rooted cutting can be placed in it.Then we sprinkle the roots of the plant with earth and gently compact the soil.
Depending on the requirements of a plant, we place it in a lit or dark place. Often, indoor plants require good lighting, and must also be protected from drafts and direct sunlight. If you want to place a pot with a beautiful flower right on the coffee table in the middle of the room, but you do not know if there is enough light for the plant in this case, you can purchase a fluorescent lamp and the problem is solved. It will provide the necessary illumination.
Additional care tips
How to grow a plant and not harm him? In order for the flower to bloom magnificently and not sick, it must be properly watered. Most indoor plants need to be watered as the soil dries. For irrigation it is better to use separated water. In summer, plants are watered much more often than in winter. So that your plant does not suffer from dry air, during the heating period, for example, it is necessary to spray it with the same separated water. If the plant has large leaves, you can sometimes wipe them with a wet wipe.
Do not forget to air the room at any time of the year. This is beneficial for both your health and the plant itself. But it should be ensured that the flower is not located in the draft.
If you notice a white bloom in the pot, then the water that the plant is watered on is too hard. In this case, you need to replace the top layer of the earth, and soften the water hardness with the help of special means or simply boil it.
In no case it is impossible to water indoor plants with cold water, it is necessary to warm it to room temperature. If your plant is located on a cold window sill, it does not need evening watering, because at night, a pot with wet soil can overcool and cause damage to the roots.