How to grow chic hydrangeas?
Hortensia is a beautiful flower. But in order for it to blossom and please the eye, you need to know some features of its cultivation.
What is this plant?
Hydrangea is a plant of the flower genus and family of Hortensia. In total, there are about 80 different species, but many of them grow only in warm countries. Most species belong to small shrubs in height from 50 centimeters to 3 meters. Some hydrangeas are more like trees, and there are some that grow in the form of lianas and twist the trunks of other plants.
Some species are considered indoor, and compared with the "wild", that is, street they have much smaller sizes. Small flowers are collected in fairly large inflorescences, which can have almost any color from white, pink or lilac to blue. From the hydrangeas, by the way, you can collect a beautiful lush bouquet.
How to grow?
Growing hydrangeas at home has a number of features and important points.
The most important points:
- Illumination should be sufficient, but not excessive, because the flower may die or become sick due to exposure to direct sunlight. It is better to choose a window sill, which is not located on the lighted side, in partial shade.
- Temperature mode. Hortensia feels great at a temperature of 8 to 20 degrees. And in winter, the temperature should be minimal (but not below 8 degrees), so remove the pot in the coolest place. But you can not allow sudden changes in temperature, it can destroy the plant.
- Do not place a pot with a flower near the air conditioner or near heating devices.
- Humidity must be sufficient or even high.
In summer you can bring flowers to the balcony.
Watering should be almost daily or every other day. In any case, the soil should never dry up. You can also arrange the plant a real bathing, dropping the pot into the water completely, and then letting it drain off the excess moisture. It is necessary to use only soft water, so that the tap must defend.
In the autumn, watering should be reduced, since winter is a period of rest (it lasts about 60-80 days).In winter, water the plant as rarely as possible and less plentifully, but still do not let the soil turn into a dry lump.
Spray the flower regularly, as the shoots must also receive moisture.
The soil should be acidic, but not alkaline. You can prepare a mixture of two parts of light turf land, one part of peat, one part of high quality humus and a small amount of sand (which is necessarily washed). You can also mix coniferous soil with peat and add a little sand and humus.
Fertilizing room hydrangea is recommended weekly, especially during the period of active growth and flowering. In winter, you can give the plant some rest, feeding it every 2-3 weeks.
A transplant is recommended once every two or three years. In this case, the pot should be one and a half times larger than the previous one.
How to grow garden hydrangea?
Hydrangea, which grows in open space and fresh air (that is, in the garden), also requires some care. We list the most important points.
How and when to plant?
Planting of hydrangeas is carried out either in late spring (in the first half of May), or in early autumn (at the very beginning of September), with the second option being preferred.
For such a plant, you can choose a well-lit place, as it loves light. But the half-shadow hydrangea also tolerates well, so you can organize a flower bed in a place that will be well illuminated in the morning cool hours, but not be exposed to direct sunlight during the day.
Each landing pit should measure approximately 50x50x50 centimeters. The distance between the flowers should not be less than 1 meter, otherwise they will interfere with each other. The root neck of the plant should be at ground level. At first, the bushes will have to be protected from wind and sun.
The soil should be loose and quite acidic (from 4 to 5.5 pH). By the way, the color of the flowers will depend on the acidity of the soil. So, if it is sour, the flowers will be white or even blue.
But if the soil is alkaline, then there will be a change of color to pink or even red. You can use a soil mixture consisting of two parts of humus, two parts of leafy ground, one part of sand and one part of peat. You can also add fertilizer.
Requires a certain care for the soil. So, twice per season after watering, loosening should be carried out (approximately 5-7 centimeters in depth). And to preserve moisture in the ground, you can sprinkle it with mulch, that is, sawdust
If you have filled up planting pits with enriched soil mixture, then in the first year or two it is not necessary to carry out top dressing. But then it must be regular. It is advisable to feed the plant every 1-2 months. Suitable fertilizers for azaleas, rhododendron, heath. But nitrogen mixtures can reduce the frost resistance of hydrangeas or lead to diseases.
Hortensia is a moisture-loving plant, so it should be watered regularly and fairly abundantly. It is best to do this about once a week, with each bush should receive at least 15-20 liters.
If the summer is quite rainy, then you can reduce the amount of water or reduce the frequency of watering. It is best to defend the water, as it should be quite soft. And to strengthen the stems, you can add a little potassium permanganate. It is best to irrigate either in the evening or in the morning, but not at the height of the day.
It is best to prune in March. In this case, you need to remove old or weak shoots. If the bush is very old, you can cut it almost completely, leaving a stump of 8-10 centimeters high.
Preparing for the winter
Some species tolerate the winter well and without preparation, but others need to be prepared in advance. So, the soil is powdered with dry leaves or spruce branches.It is desirable to cover each bush with a box, it will protect from snow, damages and freezing.
Let your hydrangea bloom and make you happy!