How to install Ubuntu?
Ubuntu is an operating system that includes a diverse amount of useful software. The OS is freely available on the Internet, and it can be easily downloaded and installed on your PC.
How to install Ubuntu: step by step instructions
So, download the image of the distribution disk and burn it to a CD. After that, we restart the disk again and, depending on the choice of version, a shortcut appears on our desktop with a name, for example, �Install Ubuntu 11.10�. Click on it 2 times. The first action you need to perform is to select the program language. Then go on. Make sure that the Internet connection is active and there is enough free memory on the disc (at least 9 GB). In the next paragraph, mark the bottom two points. Click "Continue." Next, the program will offer 2 installation options:
- Erase disk and install Ubuntu;
- Another variant.
The first is chosen in case the distribution will be a single OS on the computer. Otherwise, choose the second option and create the sections yourself. Let's take a closer look at how to create partitions.It is quite enough, if there are 2. One for normal use, all files will be copied there, and the second for system swapping. You need to allocate free space on the disk and click "Add". After that, the Create New Section window appears. When entering settings, do not forget to leave some space for the swap. It will be quite enough, and 2 GB. We subtract from the number of memory, which is set by default, 2 024 MB and drive the result instead. Then, at the location, select �Journaling file system EXT4�. Click OK, and one section for the files has already been created. It remains only to create a partition for swap. To do this, select the free space and click "Next." The size will be determined automatically, and in the location we enter the �swap partition� and click OK. But that is not all. You also need to do the mount - this is the process that will create a connection between the device and the directory. Select the item EXT4 and Edit. Then a window appears to change the section. In the "Mount Point", put "/", and near the formatting - tick. That's all.
The next step involves choosing a disk to install the program. Select and click "Install Now".You will then be prompted to choose your time zone and keyboard layout. In the next section called �Who are you?� You should enter your name, computer name (it will be used to connect with other computers), username and password. Please note that the program will offer several options for entering a password. Choose the most suitable for you, taking into account the peculiarities of using a computer.
Finally, the last step. If you already have any software installed, the installer will prompt you to import existing accounts. Here we choose nothing and make the installation. After a certain slide show, the installation is complete and you need to restart the system, before taking the disc out of the drive. What is Linux Ubuntu and how to install this software using the disk, we have already figured out. As you can see, the whole process is quite simple and does not require a huge investment of time. In total, it will take no more than 30 minutes. But what if you were the owner of the netbook?
How to install Ubuntu from a flash drive
To solve this problem,You will need a flash card with a minimum size of 2 GB and a special program for creating Live USB. In our case, Unetbootin and the computer on which the flash drive will be created will work well. It should be noted that the operating system in it should be Windows.
Having all the necessary components, we insert the USB flash drive into the computer and click on the shortcut with the right mouse button. The context menu appears on the screen, in which you need to select the "format" function. In the choice of the file system, we install FAT32 and start formatting. At the end of this process, we run the Unetbootin program. After the window pops up, where you need to put an ISO disk image and specify our flash-media in the form of a letter. At the end, click OK and wait for the program to finish. Upon completion, the flash drive is ready for use. But that is not all. In order to properly install Ubuntu on a netbook, it must be configured in the BIOS.
To get into the BIOS, you must restart the computer and immediately press the F2 button. In some cases, it can be - F10, Del or Esc. When we hit the BIOS, set the BOOT tab and select USB HDD, moving it with the F5 and F6 buttons to the top. Then press the Yes or Enter key. If all recommendations are correctly implemented, then restarting the mini-computer, we will be in the window,where to start you should choose the necessary operating system. Next, insert the USB flash drive (the download window appears) and press ENTER. Now you have a desktop with the distribution installation label you need. The remaining steps to install the OS are the same as in the beginning of the article.
By and large, there should be no questions. Only if you have downloaded a program for your installed Linux Ubuntu OS, problems with unpacking may arise in the tar.gz package. Tar.gz is an archive that contains a certain number of files. It is compressed using gzip. In order to install the program from tar.gz, you need to unpack the archive into a separate directory. To run, we need an executable file. If it already is - well, otherwise - you will have to compile.
To execute it, open the terminal with the required application in the directory. Then look at the information, conclusions about the configuration and choose what parameters we will configure. Displaying error information on the screen means the absence of a configurator. If it is, configure it. In the process of this action, errors may occur - mainly with a shortage of modules. Then go to the search and try to find a solution. Then compile the application.If at this moment errors appear again, also contact the search engine for help. Usually, after you can run the program and use it. Sometimes an installation is required, it will copy and save files to the necessary directories. The Ubuntu OS distribution can be installed either on the main memory of a computer or on a separate hard disk. For the latter, you just need to connect your media and connect with the Ubuntu installer, and then in the installer choose your external hard drive. Initially, the operating system contains all the necessary for the program, but you can also download on the Internet what you are missing. They are installed through a convenient utility, located in the "Applications" section, and it is called "Add / Remove Programs".
The system itself is simple (without any frills) and easy to use. Depending on which version of Ubuntu you select, the color gamut of the interface will depend. These are mostly beige-brown in color, but in recent versions there is an emphasis on black and purple. So you learned how to install Ubuntu. So, install and enjoy using.