How to insulate the walls of the timber
There are two options for warming: indoor and outdoor. In fairness, it should be noted that for a wooden house internal insulation is undesirable, although possible. There are several reasons for this. First, the natural movement of water vapor is disrupted, which creates condensation at the boundarywallsand insulation. Secondly, it is almost impossible to tightly install insulation in the joints. At the junction of the ceiling to the outer wall, so-called “cold bridges are formed, through which heat is lost. Thirdly, with internal insulation, the usable area of the room is lost. But there are also pluses of internal finishing: it is less labor-consuming and does not require such a careful selection of material, as with external insulation. So, you decided to start home insulation from the inside.
The house should “survive” by this time: the main shrinkage of the walls occurs during the first year. Pre-re-caulk the gaps between the crowns.Readiness of the house for finishing work is determined with the help of a special device - a moisture meter. The device measures the moisture content of wood, and as soon as the indicator reaches 13-15%, you can begin finishing work. Remember also that the house oftimberwill constantly be in motion, because wood takes moisture from the air and gives it away.
Pick a material. To date, there are various materials for insulation. It is good, for example, to use URSA XPS expanded polystyrene plates. This material is not afraid of contact with moisture, as it has a porous structure. Glue the plates directly to the wall, but so that there are no gaps.
Next, lay paroizoliruyuschuyu film. This will prevent wood moistening.walls. The film is applied with an overlap of 100 mm and glued with a special tape. If you decide to paste over the room with vinyl wallpaper, then you do not need to apply a film. Vinyl wallpaper will not allow a couple to penetrate into the wall structure, thus contributing to vapor barrier.
Experience shows that if you do not insulate the facade, then the efficiency of internal insulation decreases, as the more humid room air comes in contact with the air outside and forms moisture on the walls. Moisture, gradually evaporating, enters the insulation and reduces its heat-shielding properties.
External insulationTo insulate a house outside, use a system with an air gap for ventilation. Then the design of the facade will remain dry in any weather, the moisture will not accumulate in the thickness of the insulation. The thickness of the insulation depends on the thicknesstimberand varies from 50 to 150 mm. Consider the climatic features of your region. For example, in Siberia, it is better to use insulation thickness of 150 mm. It would be nice to make a thermal calculation of the humidity regime in order to choose the best design option.
Carry out the insulation work in dry and warm weather. Use mineral wool for insulation, you can URSA GLASSWOOL M-15. Tamper frame - horizontal bars. Between them, lay the plates of insulation. Bars tamp horizontally, so that the plates are not slipped. Apply insulation as tightly as possible. The pitch of the sheathing should correspond to the width of the insulation (insulation 50 mm and bars 50x50 mm, layer 100 mm - bars 50 mm in two rows).
Install a windproof membrane (film Ondutis "," Izospan "or any other) and fix it with a lattice 50x25 mm, 50x50 mm vertically. The counter grill with vertical bars will keep insulation from bending.
Do the trim on the counter lattice. The choice of plating material remains a matter of taste of the owner of the house.The most popular cladding material is vinyl siding. The house sheathed by the blockhouse will look solid and monumental, and lining under the timber will add elegance to your building.