How are polyps removed?
Many processes occurring in the human body have not yet been thoroughly studied. For example, the mechanisms of polyp formation are not completely clear. Certainly physicians speak only about the need to remove these tumors. So, how are polyps removed, and what are they?
What are polyps
Polyps are benign neoplasms representing abnormal growth of tissues (growths). Appear on the walls of the mucous membranes of organs. Look like berries (oval, rounded), attached to the mucous "leg". Therefore, multiple polyps (polyposis) are often compared to bunches of grapes. There are tumors with a broad base (without legs).
Most often polyps grow in the nose, stomach, uterus, rectum and colon, as well as in the urinary and gallbladder, in the small intestine.
Why remove polyps? These benign neoplasms can degenerate into malignant ones.
Ways to remove polyps
- The traditional method is excision with surgical instruments.This is a painful operation, in most cases, general anesthesia is necessary. The recovery period is quite long. It is held in a hospital.
- Cauterization by electric current. It is done with a diathermic loop (electroscission) or biopsy forceps (electrocoagulation), to which high-frequency current is applied, and the polyp is cut off. Anesthesia depends on the duration of the operation and may be general and local.
- Radio wave method (radio knife) - contactless removal of soft tissues by exposure to high-frequency waves. Evaporation of waste tissue occurs, eliminating burns. The procedure is almost painless, even local anesthesia is not necessary. After the operation, no deformation of the tissue occurs, scars are not formed.
- Laser removal is the most gentle method. The evaporation of the tissue is carried out gradually, in layers, so you can accurately calculate the depth of exposure. The blood vessels are sealed, the surrounding tissues are not affected, and healing is faster. Scars do not remain. This is the most expensive method.
With the latter two methods, hospitalization is not required. But the delivery of general analyzes is necessary in any case.And how to remove polyps in different organs?
Polyps in the nose are formed in the upper cavity or paranasal sinuses. Growing up, they impede breathing, prevent the outflow of mucus, cause a decrease in smell and headaches. The reasons for their occurrence: allergies (asthma, hay fever), infections and chronic diseases (antritis), septum curvature. In men, this type of polyp is more common than in women.
Polyps are detected during endoscopic examination of ENT organs. How to remove polyps in the nose? This is done with the help of endoscopic equipment that allows you to see the degree of spread of tumors on the monitor.
The procedure is painful, is carried out under anesthesia. During the operation, the polyp is excised surgically or by laser. Cuts are made on the inner surface of the nasal cavity, there is no scar outside. After surgery, antibiotics are prescribed to prevent the development of infection.
Polyps in the stomach
Polyps of the stomach may not manifest themselves and are detected by gastroscopy (examination using a flexible tube inserted into the stomach with an optical device).Formation of a large size can cause stomach bleeding, sharp pain. The appearance of polyps contributes to the ulcer.
How to remove polyps in the stomach? If the affected area is large, doctors choose a surgical resection (removal of a part) of the stomach. This is a serious operation performed under general anesthesia. The recovery period after it is long.
The least traumatic method is endoscopic polypectomy (electroscission or electrocoagulation). All operations to remove gastric polyps are carried out in the hospital.
Polyps in the uterus
Chronic infections and hormonal disorders are among the causes of uterine and cervical polyps. Their presence may be manifested by secretions, violation of the cycle, drawing pain, and may be asymptomatic. Detected by ultrasound.
When removing such polyps with a surgical scalpel (excision) and electrocoagulation (electrical loop), general anesthesia is required. But preferably radio wave or laser methods. Removal of uterine polyps is necessary, as is often the cause of infertility.
Choosing a place where polyps are removed, focus on the qualifications of doctors and patient reviews.