How to treat a burn?
A burn is a local damage to the tissues of the body as a result of an external impact of traumatic factors. Allocate thermal burns, chemical and radiation. Depending on the type of lesion, the way a burn can be treated is different.
- Treatment of wounds with thermal burns. - The wound should be cooled in running water or containers with cool water for at least 15 minutes, then blot with a sterile cloth, treat with any disinfectant solution and apply a sterile dressing. If the burn area is small (not larger than the size of the palm), it can be treated on its own. In this case, the burn treatment with oxycyclosol, a syntomycin emulsion or panthenol gives good results.
- How to treat a burn from chemicals. - A chemical burn is complicated by the fact that the chemical can have an additional toxic effect. Therefore, the wound should be washed with running water until the smell of the chemical disappears. Then the affected area is washed with a neutralizing agent (in case of acid burn - 2% baking soda solution, if alkali burn - 2% vinegar solution).After washing, a sterile dressing is applied to the wound without medication; drugs can form compounds with a damaging substance. Then, with a chemical burn, in spite of its size and degree, it is recommended to consult a doctor.
- Treatment with sunburn - If a person has burned in the sun, the affected areas of the skin should be smeared with Vaseline or a moisturizer. If bubbles are formed, it is best to attach a compress with a weak solution of potassium permanganate to them.