How to treat eczema?
Surely each of the adults heard about such a skin disease as eczema, however, no one knows the exact causes of its occurrence. It is only known that this disease is often hereditary and occurs in people prone to allergies when in contact with substances. This article will look at how to treat eczema with medical and folk remedies.
So, eczema is a chronic skin disease, which, during periods of exacerbation, usually occurs on the skin of the face, hands and feet. In severe illness (erythroderma), inflammation can affect the entire surface of the skin. In medicine, there are several types of eczema: microbial, seborrheic, dishydrotic, true, professional, etc., and each type has its own characteristics and is a separate type of disease that only a doctor can diagnose. Since the treatment depends entirely on the type of the disease, on the severity of the course and even on the age of the patient, it is impossible to give a definite answer to the question of how to cure eczema.
The main signs of eczema
- The appearance on the skin of red, and in some cases bluish spots that make the skin visually thicker;
- The appearance of an inflammatory rash in the form of small bubbles, at the opening of which wounds and cracks appear;
- Persistent itching;
- Along with rash, the appearance of increased body temperature;
- After the disappearance of the spots there is a loss of elasticity and dryness of the skin, which can crack.
- In severe advanced cases, bacterial infections and purulent inflammation of the skin, which constantly get wet and have an unpleasant putrid odor, can be added to the underlying disease. Due to this inflammation, there is an increased body temperature and hospital treatment is required.
- Erythroderma is also considered a dangerous complication of eczema, in which almost all areas of the skin become inflamed, which also requires urgent hospitalization.
Prevention of exacerbations
- Avoiding contact with identified irritants;
- Minimize contact with detergents and other detergents, and if necessary, use them only with gloves;
- Mostly prefer clothing made of cotton fabrics;
- If eczema has a professional character, it is necessary to change the field of activity, otherwise the acquired chronic disease will become harder and sharper each time and will inevitably lead to bacterial inflammation and skin rot.
- It is necessary to carefully protect the skin from wind and cold, and in winter, before going out into the frost, it is imperative to use petroleum jelly or fat cream; during periods of remission, such creams as Bioderma, Repea, Lokobeyz, Topikrem, etc .; can be used for skin care;
- If eczema is psychological, then it is necessary to avoid stress and take herbal preparations for valerian and other sedatives. In addition, patients with this type of eczema are shown a measured way of life and yoga;
- Strict adherence to the diet, which is necessary to avoid citrus fruits, chocolate, too spicy, fatty and salty foods.
How to treat eczema
As noted above, each type of eczema requires an individual approach and only a specialist can prescribe the most effective treatment, so in order to avoid complications, you should not self-medicate, it is better to see a doctor as soon as possible.However, the basic principles of treatment are:
- Detection of skin irritating substances and their complete exclusion from everyday life;
- Establishment of proper nutrition;
- The use of local ointments, the choice of which depends on the type of disease;
- If necessary, the appointment of injections and other drugs;
- When itching, taking antihistamine drugs such as Tavegil, Suprastin and others;
Treatment of eczema folk remedies
Such a disease as eczema, treatment with folk remedies completely permits, but I want to remind you that when applying any means, you should consult with your doctor, because the collection of herbs should be chosen strictly individually. Medicinal plants used to treat this disease have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, healing, soothing and analgesic properties, they help to increase the immunity and body resistance to allergens.
- The beginning of treatment should begin with the separation of the crusts from the affected areas of the skin, using boiled vegetable oil.
- Herbs must be applied simultaneously externally (baths, washing, etc.) and inside.
- For washing and lotions effective phyto-collections of equal parts are effective:
- flowers of mullein and chamomile, leaves of mint and plantain, Althea root, berries or needles of juniper, marjoram, thyme and St. John's wort.
- oak bark, flax seed, nettle, birch leaves, mint, wormwood, coriander fruits and blueberry shoots.
- For therapeutic baths use: horses of the celandine, burdock or calamus roots and nettles with roots.
- Pour one of the listed herbs cold, insist for 2 hours, boil for 20 minutes and pour into a bath, which is best taken at night.
The important point - after the bath the body does not need to wipe.
How to treat dry eczema folk remedies
- to reduce itching - bath with baking soda;
- for relieving pain - rubbing sea buckthorn oil or lotions from it;
- cracks - rubbing a mixture of olive oil and chamomile;
- with dry yolk butter lotion (boiled eggs).
In fact, there are a lot of folk remedies for the treatment of eczema and each of them to some extent can help, however, the use of folk remedies can not cancel the recommendations of the doctor and the prescribed treatment.