Hyperactive child. What to do?
Hyperactivity and Attention Deficit Disorder (SVDH) is a very common disease, based on brain disorders. Usually this disease is characteristic of children of preschool age, while by the age of 15 it gradually disappears. So you have a hyperactive child. What to do?
Causes and signs of child hyperactivity
When psychologists and neuropathologists start working with hyperactive children, they first of all investigate the causes of hyperactivity:
- problems during pregnancy (toxicosis, stress, vitamin deficiency, high blood pressure, taking various kinds of drugs, effects on the body of toxic substances - alcohol, varnishes, drugs, nicotine, heavy metals);
- complications during labor (cesarean section, injuries, intrauterine asphyxia, prolonged or rapid delivery, use of forceps during labor);
- chronic parental diseases (asthma, pressure, allergies, eczema, various kidney diseases);
- problems in the family (unfavorable living conditions, improper upbringing - both too strict and too ward);
- living in an environmentally disadvantaged area;
- infectious diseases in the first years of a baby’s life;
- diseases of the central nervous system in a child;
- some features of the structure of the brain;
- genetic heredity.
Practically in the overwhelming majority of cases (about 85% of hyperactive children) the cause of the onset of hyperactivity are complications during pregnancy and childbirth. The features of hyperactive children themselves are as follows:
- Lack of attention. This feature can be manifested in the inability to concentrate, to hold attention for a long time, inattention to small details, inconsistency, unwillingness to finish the things started, forgetfulness, frequent changes in their activities and inability to organize themselves. A child can often lose things, poorly listen to adults, make many mistakes, easily get distracted and avoid difficult tasks. It is this symptom that prevents such children from studying well in the future.
- High motor activity.Hyperactive children constantly fidget in place, fingering their hair and clothes, drumming their fingers, making sharp movements, and also suffer from quick and excessive speech. A hyperactive child is easy to recognize in a crowd of children: constant running, jumping, priplyasyvaniya, shifty eyes, too lively facial expressions, waving hands distinguishes these children from others.
- Excitable. This peculiarity lies in the fact that the child sleeps less than other children (even being infants), cannot calmly wait for their turn (interrupts adults) and rewards, act according to plan, answers the question without hearing it through to the end. A hyperactive child will behave differently in different situations (calmly, then impulsively). Many hyperactive children are aggressive, which often leads to conflicts with peers and teachers.
Features of raising a hyperactive child
If your child is diagnosed with hyperactivity, do not panic. The brain of the child is very mobile and with all the recommendations, the symptoms of hyperactivity will surely decrease. Correction of hyperactive children usually includes:
- Creating special restrictions that will suppress signs of hyperactivity:
- not to watch TV (if you watch, not for long);
- Do not watch aggressive cartoons;
- do not play computer games;
- do not leave in sight the first-aid kit, household chemicals, sharp objects;
- do not go to crowded places (shops, theaters, markets, cinemas);
- Do not invite too many guests and children home;
- Do not send the child to kindergarten too early.
- Creating an enabling environment, which is to ensure that the child has a separate room, which includes a sports area, an area for classes, a recreation area and an area for games. This will help him to learn not to lose things, put them in place and keep order. Take away toys in containers and lockers so that they do not distract the child from activities. Furniture, wallpaper and curtains should be in neutral colors.
- Creating a favorable atmosphere in the family, which must necessarily include trust and understanding, support and protection, love and affection. Parents should always adequately perceive all the antics of a hyperactive child, since the opposite can only provoke the child.
- Compliance with the correct daily routine: morning games and walks, mandatory afternoon nap / rest in bed, regulated food intake. Never suppress the physical activity of the child, but rather translate it into sports, as well as lead on massage and physical therapy.
- Raising a hyperactive child in accordance with the following rules:
- reduce the load and accuracy requirements;
- use a supple system of punishment and rewards;
- always give your child a choice;
- never compare your child with other children;
- teach your child to empathy and sympathy;
- use orders and prohibitions as rarely as possible;
- give the child the opportunity to play with one child, and not with several;
- make tactile contact with the child;
- never shame or humiliate a child;
- learn to negotiate with the child;
- take the child as it is;
- learn how to say no.
- The development of classes should be as follows:
- avoid overloading the child’s attention;
- develop the memory and thinking of the child;
- play calm games (lotto, jigsaw, puzzles);
- give the child to swim;
- alternate developmental games with physical workouts;
- give your baby clear tasks;
- follow the sequence of tasks;
- instill love in one activity.
- The use of drug and neuropsychological treatment.