"Levofloxacin": review, description of the drug, instructions for use
Levofloxacin is available in 3 pharmacological forms: tablets, solution and eye drops. Tablets are made in a film shell of yellow color and a round biconvex form. The active component of the tablets "Levofloxacin" - levofloxacin hemihydrate. In addition, they include such excipients as:
- microcrystalline cellulose;
- calcium stearate;
Tablets are packed in foil contour and on top in a cardboard box.
Also, pharmacies offer a local eye agent, Levofloxacin. These are homogeneous, transparent drops in vials with a lid having a pipette for convenient use. The active substance of ophthalmic drops - levofloxacin. Additional components are:
- sodium chlorine;
- deionized water;
- disodium edetate dihydrate.
Another form of the Levofloxacin antibacterial drug is solution. It is sold in bottles of 100 ml and is used in droppers. The active ingredient is levofloxacin, as well as in eye drops.
�Levofloxacin� is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic. The main active ingredient of the drug is designed to have a bactericidal effect. Proper use of the drug causes inhibition of the enzymes that are responsible for DNA replication in the bacterial cell. At the same time, this medical drug has a high activity to the causative agents of respiratory infections. "Levofloxacin" successfully treats diseases caused by a penicillin-resistant strain of pneumococcus, as well as tuberculosis and sinusitis.
Indications and contraindications
The broad spectrum antibiotic Levofloxacin is indicated for infectious diseases and inflammatory processes caused by microorganisms. Tablets can be prescribed for such serious diseases as intra-abdominal infection, chronic bronchitis, including in the acute stage, acute sinusitis, infections of the urinary tract, soft tissues and skin, community-acquired pneumonia,septicemia and bacteremia. The solution has a beneficial effect on the suffering:
- urinary and respiratory tract infections;
- infections of the kidneys, soft tissue, and skin;
- ENT diseases.
Eye drops are effective in treating superficial infections.
The drug is not recommended for epilepsy, minor age, pregnancy, renal failure, negative reactions to substances that are part of the drug, tendon lesions, quinolone treatment, lactation. Elderly people should use the medication with extreme caution.
Admission rules and side effects
The drug "Levofloxacin" in the form of tablets taken before eating twice a day: morning and evening. Eye drops are used according to the scheme: the first 2 days, 2 drops every 2 hours, but up to 8 times in 24 hours, then the third, fourth and fifth day - 4 times a day. It is not recommended to use Levofloxacin eye drops for longer than 5 days.
An infusion solution for acute sinusitis is administered at 500 mg once a day. The course of treatment is from 10 days to 2 weeks. In chronic bronchitis in the acute stage, the drug is prescribed 500 mg once a day for 1-1.5 weeks. Patients with pneumonia enter 500 mg 1 or 2 times a day.The duration of treatment of pneumonia is approximately 1-2 weeks. When prostatitis solution dosage is as follows: 500 mg once a day. Treatment should be carried out for 2 weeks, and then you need to take 500 mg tablets once a day for another 2 weeks.
For acute pyelonephritis, 500 mg of the solution must be injected once a day. The treatment can last from 3 to 10 days. For those suffering from biliary tract infections, apply the solution in a dosage of 500 mg once a day. For skin infections, it is enough to inject 500 mg of the drug twice a day for 1-2 weeks. Patients with anthrax are prescribed 500 mg of "Levofloxacin" once a day. After the onset of the period of stabilization of the patient's condition, the solution is replaced with tablets, which need to be taken for 8 weeks, 500 mg once a day.
In sepsis, the drug is effective at a dosage of 500 mg 1 - 2 times a day. The course of treatment is from 1 to 2 weeks. Those suffering from abdominal infection are administered 500 mg of the solution once a day for 1 to 2 weeks. With tuberculosis, the dosage is the same, for a course of treatment much longer - 3 months.
"Levofloxacin" can cause side effects in parts of various human organs and systems. The undesirable effects of taking this antibacterial drug include:
- increased activity of liver enzymes;
- redness of the skin and itching;
- severe dizziness;
- heart palpitations;
- appetite disturbance.
Also, patients when taking "Levofloxacin" may be disturbed:
- general weakness;
- exacerbation of porphyria;
- muscle weakness.
Receivers "Levofloxacin" note the convenience of reception, because basically it should be used 1 time per day. Also, patients note the optimal price-quality ratio. The drug is relatively inexpensive and at the same time quite effective. Doctors are satisfied with the drug, because when it is taken there is a high percentage of cases of cure for infections, for example, sexually transmitted diseases. One of the drawbacks of the drug is the possibility of dyspeptic disorders.
Among those who left the reviews are those doctors who note the ease of use of the drug for widespread clinical use. They claim that Levofloxacin creates an excellent antimicrobial concentration in the urinary system, although it requires strict adherence to treatment. It is also noted that there is a high percentage of the availability of the drug in pharmacies, which is also important when choosing this drug.
Doctors notice that the drug is effective from the first day of administration, it is excellent for the treatment of purulent-inflammatory processes for a course of 10 days. Also, "Levofloxacin" perfectly proved itself in relation to Staphylococcus aureus in chronic sinusitis in the acute stage. It is often well tolerated by patients, easy to dose, rarely causes the development of resistance.
If you observe the positive and negative reviews of patients on forums and other sites, it can be noted that the ratio of those treated with Levofloxacin, which he helped, to those who did not get the desired effect from the use of the drug, approximately 5: 2. It should be borne in mind that when writing negative reviews could play the role of incorrect dosage, an error in the appointment, the appearance of side effects or failure to comply with the recommendations in terms of the duration of treatment.