The most effective natural fertilizers
Some plants simply need fertilizer. But they need not be purchased in specialized stores. Useful and nutritious fertilizers can be made by hand, if you know how.
The benefits of natural organic fertilizers
Why, in general, need organic fertilizers? In essence, the soil is pure organic matter, because it will in any case contain components of natural origin, for example, the remains of animals, insects and birds, rotten grass or foliage, and so on. And all this allows the plants to obtain the necessary substances and develop properly.
The main areas of impact of natural fertilizers:
- The soil is enriched with nutrients, it becomes richer, more fertile and beneficial.
- The structure of the soil will noticeably improve, it will become looser and lighter, will retain moisture well.
- You will be able to normalize the water-air balance.
- Organic fertilizers stimulate the activity of microorganisms useful for plants.
Can such fertilizers harm?
If organic fertilizers are used incorrectly, they can be harmful for both flowers and fruit crops. For example, fresh manure or litter contains not only nutrients, it may also contain weed seeds and helminths, and they will get into the soil and will harm plants. And yet you can not accurately find out the composition of the fertilizer, probably something is missing in it, and then fertilizing will be useless. In addition, if you increase the dosage, you can spoil the root system, literally “burn” it. So use organic is carefully and rationally.
What to use?
So, the best natural fertilizer for the garden:
- Siderata. This word is well known to all gardeners and gardeners, but for ordinary people it can be incomprehensible. Siderats are plants that quickly emerge and have a voluminous green mass. With it, they enrich the soil in which they grow, while taking almost nothing from it. This option is ideal for fertilizing a vast stretch of land, because all that is required is to simply plant and wait.The shoots will quickly rise and begin to act, transferring humus to the ground, consisting of rotted parts, as well as nitrogen. In addition, the soil will be protected from erosion and weeds, as well as loose. Such plants as field peas, white clover, white mustard, winter rye, rape, and so on can be attributed to sideratta plants. They are usually sown in early spring, and after the appearance of strong shoots they are mown and, thus, mixed with the ground (approximately two weeks before the main plantings).
- Compost. In its essence, it represents a mixture of various organic components, processed by microorganisms. That is, it is a decomposed composition that retains its beneficial properties and even multiplies some of them. Such a mixture may consist of a piece of vegetables or fruit, bird droppings and animal dung, fallen leaves, eggshell, tea or coffee grounds (if natural drinks), mowed grass, branches, sawdust, straw, and so on. To prepare the compost, you need to put all the components in a box or pit (it is called compost). And on the bottom put the sawdust or branches, they will serve as drainage. Then alternate the dense and wet organic matter with a dry one (that is, with sawdust or branches). Stir the composition periodically.When it is ripe, it will get the smell of forest land and become crumbly.
- Ash, first, somewhat reduces the acidity of the soil, and secondly, it contains all the necessary elements, and in an accessible form. Especially useful is obtained ash, obtained from burned organic components, for example, branches of plants, straw and so on.
- Manure or litter. Such a fertilizer will also be useful, but it is not recommended to use fresh fertilizer because of the risk of weeding seeds or eggs of helminths inhabiting birds or animals in the soil. So either leave it to dry naturally (in the sun), or let it rest (it can take 1-2 years), or treat it thermally.
- If you need to make the soil lighter and friable, then the coffee grounds will be very useful. Just add to the soil what remains after drinking your freshly brewed natural coffee.
- For fertilizing indoor plants, you can use potato broth. If you boil the potatoes, cool the rest of the broth and water them in a dosed manner. Starch is a source of energy, it is necessary for plants to form strategic reserves.
- Bone flour.Bones from eaten meat or poultry need not be thrown out or allowed to feed dogs, they can be used to fertilize the soil. Just dry them and grind into powder to make a kind of flour. This composition contains a lot of calcium, phosphorus and nitrogen, and also reduces the acidity of the soil.
- If you often use cereals for cooking, do not pour out the water after washing them, but use them for feeding plants, because there are so many useful things in it!
- Aquarium water. If there are no chemicals in it, it will be very useful, because it contains a lot of microorganisms that help stimulate and accelerate the growth of plants.
- Sawdust contributes to soil oxidation.
To use any organic fertilizer, use it properly. Observe the following rules:
- For the preparation of fertilizers, use only quality ingredients, otherwise you will not only improve the soil, but will also damage plants.
- Do not overdo it. Yes, regular feeding is good, but they should be moderate, otherwise the plant will over-feed with nutrients (in humans, this condition is called hypervitaminosis).Determine the dosage and frequency of fertilizer should be based on the type and characteristics of the plant.
- Assess the condition of the plant. Looking at him, you can understand if he needs additional fertilizing. So, if it grows slowly, has weak shoots, has little fruit or blooms, has drooping or light leaves, or looks weak, then the fertilizer will definitely not hurt. If everything is in order, then this indicates that there are enough vitamins.
- It is extremely important to observe both the dosage and the frequency of fertilizer application. Thus, some species require regular and fairly frequent feeding, others will suffice two times (usually during the growing season and before fruiting or flowering), and the third is enough once.
- Assess the condition of the soil in the garden. So, if it is fertile, then fertilizer is optional. If the soil is not rich, then it will be necessary to feed it, because from the ground the plant will not be able to take what it needs. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the acidity of the soil, because sometimes you need to neutralize it, and sometimes, on the contrary, increase it. Pay attention to the composition of the soil (it can be clay, peat, sandy).
Make fertilizers and use them correctly!