Troepolsky Gavriil Nikolaevich: biography, career, personal life


Facts from the biography of Gabriel Troepolsky

Gavriil Nikolaevich Troepolsky was born in 1905 in the village of Novo-Spassky (now it is the Gribanovsky district of the Voronezh region). In the family of parents of the future journalist and prose writer there were six children. Father Gabriel, Nikolai Semenovich, was a priest.

The future writer in his youthful years seriously thought about the profession related to agriculture. In 1924, Gabriel graduated from an agricultural college. But Troepolsky began his professional career as a rural teacher.

In 1931, Gavriil Nikolayevich got a job at the stronghold of the experimental station in Voronezh. Subsequently, he took the post of head of the state variety-testing plot of grain crops. The direction of his work is the selection of millet. Troepolsky brought several new varieties of this useful culture.

During the war, Troepolsky performed tasks from front-line Soviet intelligence.

In 1976, the writer entered the editorial board of the magazine “Our Contemporary” and worked there until 1987. Troepolsky was also a board member of the Union of Writers of the USSR.

Gavriil Nikolayevich died in 1995. Buried in Voronezh.

The beginning of the creative path of Gabriel Troepolsky

Gavriil Nikolayevich wrote his first story back in 1937, choosing the pseudonym Lirvag. New stories of the writer appeared in the magazine "New World" in 1953. It was then that Troepolsky decided to devote his life entirely to literary work. The writer settled in Voronezh.

The writer knew perfectly well how the village lives. He had enormous experience in the countryside. In his works, Troepolsky tried to be as sincere as possible. He was not afraid to depict the negative phenomena of reality.

The cycle of his satirical stories “From Notes of an Agronomist” (1953) marked the beginning of a new approach to depicting life in the countryside. The main features of this approach are the sharpness of the problem statement and truthfulness.

In 1958, the satirical novel “Candidate of Sciences” by Troepolsky was published.It was followed by the novel "Chernozem", where there was a speech about the Soviet village of the 20s of the last century.

However, the true fame and love of the reader was brought to Troepolsky by the novel "The White Bim the Black Ear," written in 1971. Five years after the first publication of this book, the author received the USSR State Prize for it. The work raised important moral issues. The story of the tragic fate of a dog is intertwined with descriptions of pictures of nature and life in the city. The story of Bima has become a litmus test on which one can test the sharpness and purity of moral sense.

The books of Gabriel Nikolayevich have been translated into the languages ​​of the peoples of the Soviet Union and into the languages ​​of many countries of the world.

For merits in the works of the writer was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.