What are enzymes?

Andrey Kim
Andrey Kim
December 19, 2014
What are enzymes?

Enzymes are usually understood as protein molecules or RNA molecules (ribozymes), as well as their complexes, which accelerate chemical reactions in living organisms. Enzymes are also often called enzymes. In this article we will describe in more detail what enzymes are and what are their beneficial properties for the organism.

What do enzymes do?

Enzymes are formed in every living cell and can manifest their functions both inside and outside of it. As a rule, one enzyme can catalyze (accelerate) one chemical reaction or one group of similar chemical reactions. At the same time, enzymes get their names from the names of the substances with which they "work". For example, the enzyme lactase breaks down lactose, and sucrose - sucrose.

Why do we need enzymes?

Enzymes help the human body to carry out certain processes. Most of us believe that enzymes are involved only in the digestion of food, but there are enzymes that help the nervous system, as well as enzymes involved in the formation of new cells and the fight against inflammatory processes.

Enzyme deficiency

Enzyme deficiency is a dangerous disease for humans, and therefore, in the presence of this disease, it must be treated with the help of special preparations containing enzymes. However, treatment can not be prescribed independently, it is necessary to consult a doctor, especially if you consider that children usually suffer from the disease.