What is a cat?

Alena Anisimova
Alena Anisimova
March 21, 2013
What is a cat?

A cat is a mammal of the cat family, from a predatory order. It is a subspecies of the forest cat. One of the most popular pets. At present, there are about six hundred million domestic cats in the world. Over 256 breeds that were recognized and registered by various felinological organizations were developed. Among them can be found and long-haired breeds, such as the Persian cat and breeds that are completely devoid of wool, such as sphinx. What is a cat and how did it appear next to a man? We will tell about it now.

The origin of cats

The cat appeared next to a man about 10-12 thousand years ago. This was due to the fact that people began to lead a sedentary lifestyle. Many argue that for the first time cats were tamed by the ancient Egyptians, however, there is no consensus on this score. The history of the origin of cats is very ambiguous and causes a lot of controversy. The most widespread opinion (especially in Russia) is that the common ancestor of all modern cats is the North Asian steppe cat, and they were domesticated in Nubia about 4 thousand years ago, and not at all in Egypt.And only after that the cat came to Egypt, and then to Asia, where she crossed with the forest Bengali species.

The origin of the cat in Europe is also associated with the repeated crossing of various species and breeds. So the domestic cat, which arrived from Nubia, actively crossed with the wild European forest cat, and this, in turn, gave us that incredible variety of colors and breeds. However, there is a theory of the origin of cats, according to which nobody deliberately imported these animals in any of the countries. Cats just appeared simultaneously in different places of the planet, where each species developed according to its own special laws.

The story of the domestication of the cat

The history of the emergence of cats, as well as their domestication, is very complicated and not unambiguous. Most likely, the first taming of the cat was associated with the emergence of agriculture, because of which there was a need to protect the crop from rodents. However, it is likely that the cat itself “got domesticated”, relentlessly following the man who willingly accepted the animal into his life, as the cat helped him get rid of rodents.

So that it does not happen there, the history of domestication and domestication of cats dates back to approximately two thousand years BC.However, the most active domestication of animals is associated with the flourishing of many civilizations. It began a little later, about a thousand years BC.

However, despite everything, the last point in the domestication of these mysterious animals has not yet been set. Of course, of all animals, the cat is closer to man, however, its independent nature confirms that even for thousands of years taming a cat by man, these animals remain free and not conquered, and their living next to a man is a great gift for the latter.