What is a charter?
In legal and legal practice, great attention is paid to documenting. As you know, "what is written with a pen, you can not cut it with an ax." Even in ancient times, people understood this, and therefore began to consolidate the laws and rules on paper. Before the advent of paper, they wrote on analogs, for example, on papyrus, parchment and other material. One of the first documents written on such materials is the charter. Next, we consider in more detail what the charter is.
In the most general understanding of the charter - an old manuscript or material on which this manuscript is written. With the increase in workflow and the emergence of new documents, concrete documents have already been called the charter.
For example, the charter could be called:
- public law and political document;
- official written document that certifies or establishes something;
- a number of documents expressing the political demands of representatives of various layers or classes;
- legal evidence that is given by a ruler or government and implies the establishment of specific rights or regulations.
The following charters are known in history:
- Magna Carta in England;
- Constitutional Charter of 1814 in France;
- European Charter of Self-Government;
- The Charter of Paris and others.