What is a granuloma?

Anna Mikhailova
Anna Mikhailova
March 2, 2015
What is a granuloma?

Granuloma - focal proliferation of inflammatory cells that occur in the connective tissue. They appear as small nodules. The most common causes of granulomas are:

  • viral encephalitis;
  • syphilis;
  • rheumatism,;
  • tuberculosis,;
  • typhus

Main symptoms of granuloma

It is important not only to know what a granuloma is, but also to have an idea of ​​how it manifests. The first symptom can be seen only after the end of the incubation period (30 days after infection). At first, a person can mark only bright red spots of small size on the focal spots of inflammation. Then nodules appear in their place, which after a few weeks can reach 4 cm in diameter. If left untreated, a bright red ulcer may form.

Diagnosis of granuloma

Diagnosis of granuloma occurs in different ways. It all depends on where it came from. So, if the granuloma has arisen on the genitals, then microflora and microscopic examinations are performed.In this case, the doctor during the diagnosis excludes the presence of various venereal diseases in humans.

If the patient has a granuloma in the oral cavity, then during a routine examination, it may not be detected, especially when it did not go into a difficult stage (ulceration). Most often, an oral granuloma is diagnosed when clinical symptoms appear. They are accompanied by suppuration and proliferation of connective tissue cells. Reveal all this allows X-ray.

Granuloma treatment

Granuloma is an insidious disease. That is why you can not treat it yourself. Therapy should be prescribed by a doctor. As a rule, it provides for conservative treatment with antibiotics. Only in some cases, surgery may be required.