What is evolution?
Evolution is the natural process of transformation of a system in the universe. There are several types of it. Among them are astrophysical, cosmological, geological, biological, social and chemical evolution. Answering the question of what evolution is, the following should be noted. All of the above-mentioned varieties represent a series of stages in the development of the world from the Big Bang to the rise of humanity and the emergence of an existing civilization.
If we talk about what is the driving force of evolution, according to Charles Darwin and his followers, they stimulate the process of heredity, natural selection, the struggle for existence, migration, isolation and "drift" of genes. It is on these factors that the course of biological evolution depends.
There are several main theories describing the mechanisms of evolutionary processes. Today, the synthetic theory of evolution is generally accepted. It is a kind of symbiosis of population genetics and classical Darwinism.This theory makes it possible to explain what evolution is in biology and describes the relationship between the material of evolution and its mechanisms. So, following the theory, the material is genetic mutations, and the mechanism is natural selection.
Within the framework of a synthetic theory, evolution is defined as a process during which changes in the frequencies of alleles of genes in populations occur. And for a time longer than the lifetime of one generation. The first formulated the theory of evolution, caused by natural selection, Charles Darwin.
Evolution as a phenomenon is perceived in society ambiguously, despite the fact that it is a fact firmly established by science. The existence of evolution has a lot of indisputable evidence, therefore, its importance is beyond doubt in the scientific community. However, religious organizations reject evolutionary teachings, as such.