What is studying ecology?

Often science goes against religion and "everyday" knowledge. Science offers a person a really good understanding of the phenomenon being studied and to obtain high-quality and reliable data. Let's talk a little about the science of ecology.

Subject study of ecology

What is studying ecology? Ecology is a special section of general biology. She studies the interaction of living organisms, their adaptation to life with each other. Also in ecology is studied the nature of the relationship and dependence of living beings on the conditions of their existence.

It is known that in the course of evolution, the fittest species survive by being able to adapt themselves to environmental conditions. This law of survival applies to absolutely all living organisms, without exception. The theory of natural selection was created and developed by Charles Darwin.

Types of ecology science

Ecology covers a wide range of issues. First of all, the study of environmental factors and complexes of these factors. An answer is given to the question of how some elements of the environment can affect the life of a species and what methods of adaptation they lead to.The main factors are the physicochemical (temperature, light, humidity, precipitation, wind, soil, etc.), biotic factor (the influence of organisms and species on each other), anthropogenic (the influence of human activity on the life of nature). ). This is what ecology studies.

The second block of environmental science deals with the study of plant and animal populations. Populations are defined as a kind of grouping of individuals of the same species that live on the same territory and use its resources. Also, individuals have the same organic structure and biological properties.

And the third section of ecology is called biocenology. This section occupies a very important place in ecology. He is engaged in the study of entire plant and animal communities. These large formations consist of populations of different species.

The life and appearance of any animal determine the conditions of stay in which the animal is. All variety of life forms on Earth was formed due to different habitats. Let's say a mole does not need good vision, as it lives under the ground. He would rather have a good olfactory ability.But the inhabitants of the sky, for example, the eagles, just need a sharp eye that can see the victim from a distance of several kilometers. Thus, wings are needed in the sky, and under the ground, smooth wool that can easily slide in the soil. This is what ecology studies.

Ecology activities

Well, what do environmental scientists themselves do? The main platform of their activity is nature itself. Environmentalists are selected in the expedition, where they explore all the factors of interest to them. They study the life of plants and animals in various conditions, the density and nature of colonization by species of different territories, try to identify patterns of environmental factors influence on animals and plants, carry out quantitative calculations, study populations and large communities in detail. Sure, they have things to do. Usually expeditions can reach several months in time. But often, and this is very little, in order to have time to study everything that is needed.

The technical equipment of ecologists will strike the imagination of even the most ardent fans of spy and detective films. They are armed with airplanes, helicopters, off-road vehicles,various precision instruments measuring the synthesis of plants, thermometers operating at a distance, sonar, radio trackers, night vision devices and much more. This is what ecology studies.

The science of ecology occupies an important place in the system of all natural scientific directions of knowledge. Data obtained by environmentalists can be used to improve the quality of life of our planet as a whole. Thus, ecology allows us to understand our planet, the laws of its nature and the role of human influence on the Earth. How much do we spoil or, conversely, improve the life of our home planet? This is the question that ecology can answer.