What was Chekhov?
We all went to school at one time, some with ease and with interest, and some who were reluctant and lazy to master the school curriculum. But despite our successes and failures during the school years, each of us knows who A. Chekhov is. Unfortunately, the school program does not provide for a detailed study of the question of what kind of person Chekhov was, what he lived and what he loved. Nevertheless, the biography of Chekhov is quite interesting, since he was an outstanding personality.
Very few now can answer the question of what city Chekhov was born in and very few remember when he was born. Chekhov led a rather rich and interesting life. Therefore, many people want to know how Chekhov was in life and in relationships with his family and friends. At the lessons we could tell the teacher very convincingly jagged phrases, what the essence of A.P. Chekhov's work was and what person Chekhov fought for, but can we now recall this and tell something interesting about the writer? Let us together try to recall a bit about the identity of A. P. Chekhov and try to understand what kind of person he was.
Biography of the writer
Who was and how did Anton Chekhov live? Anton Chekhov was born in the city of Taganrog in 1860, 17 in the new style and on January 29, in the old in a large family, in which, besides him, there were five more children - a sister and four brothers.
Pavel Petrovich, his father and former clerk, owned a small shop and, as he said, was a merchant. He kept his children in strictness and did not allow them any special liberties. Chekhov's mom, Yevgenia Yakovlevna, was an excellent housewife, a very caring and loving mother and wife. Almost all of her time was spent on taking care of her family, and the few free moments of leisure that she had spent on the theater, her passion for her since her youth.
She managed to exert a tremendous influence on her children and inculcate in them responsiveness and respect for others, compassion for the weak and the oppressed, as well as a love for nature and the surrounding world.
Facts about Chekhov
- In 1868 little Antosh entered the preparatory class of the gymnasium in the city of Taganrog.
- In 1876, the Chekhov family was ruined, and they had to sell the shop and move to Moscow. In 1879 he entered the medical faculty at Moscow University and studies there until 1884.At this time, writing became his main source of income. Upon graduation, he holds the position of county doctor, but does not stop his literary activities.
- In 1892, Chekhov acquired the estate of Melikhovo, where he continued his medical practice, builds schools for children, helps the hungry, and participates in the population census.
- In 1897, the process of tuberculosis suddenly worsened for Chekhov, and doctors insist on moving him to the south. Autumn, as well as the winter of 1897/98. he spends in Nice and then in Paris.
- In 1898, Chekhov moved to live in Yalta.
- In 1900, he was elected an honorary academician at the Petersburg Academy of Sciences, but already in 1902 he left its ranks due to disagreement with the decision to expel Gorky.
- In May 1901, Chekhov is crowned with Olga Leonardovna Knipper and the leading actress of the Moscow Art Theater.
- In the summer of 1904, due to an exacerbation of the disease, Chekhov went to a resort in Germany. There he died on July 2 (July 15 - according to the old style).
Anton Pavlovich was a man of principle. Once having worked out for himself certain rules of life, he never violated them. For example, he did not lie, did not complain, did not ask for a loan, even in extreme need.
Chekhov loved order.He always kept clean both his home and his clothes, was a neat person. He slept little and ate little. This was a man with a strong will. For 15 years, suffering from illness, he never lost courage, did not show his weakness, on the contrary, encouraged others in difficult situations.
Anton Pavlovich was an open person. He loved to host guests and often went to visit himself, easily tied up acquaintances.