Where was the first Olympiad
The history of the Olympic Games has more than 2 thousand years. They originated in ancient Greece. At first the games were part of the festivities in honor of the god Zeus. The first Olympiad was held in ancient Greece. Once in four years, athletes came to the city of Olympia in the Peloponnese, a peninsula in the south of the country. There were only running competitions for a distance of one stadium (from the Greek. Stages = 192 m). Gradually, the number of sports increased, and the games became an important event for the whole Greek world. It was a religious and sports festival, during which obligatory "sacred peace" was declared and any military actions were prohibited.
The history of the first Olympiad
The truce lasted a month and was called echeiria. It is believed that the first Olympiad took place in 776 BC. er But in 393 AD er The Roman emperor Theodosius I banned the Olympic Games. By that time Greece lived under the authority of Rome, and the Romans, after converting to Christianity, believed that the Olympic Games with their worship of pagan gods and the cult of beauty were incompatible with the Christian faith.
The Olympic Games were remembered at the end of the 19th century, after they began to carry out excavations in ancient Olympia and discovered the ruins of sports and temple structures. In 1894, at the International Sports Congress in Paris, French public figure Baron Pierre de Coubertin (1863–1937) proposed organizing the Olympic Games along the lines of the ancient ones. He came up with the motto of the Olympians: "The main thing is not victory, but participation." De Coubertin wanted only male athletes to compete in these competitions, as in Ancient Greece, but women participated in the second Games. The emblem of the Games was five multi-colored rings; colors were chosen that are most often found on the flags of various countries of the world.
The first modern Olympic Games took place in 1896 in Athens. In the XX century. The number of countries and athletes participating in these competitions has steadily increased, and the number of Olympic sports has increased. Today it is already difficult to find a country that would not send at least one or two athletes to the Games. Since 1924, in addition to the Olympic Games, which are held in the summer, the Winter Games also began to be arranged so that skiers, skaters and other athletes could compete,who are engaged in winter sports. And since 1994, the Winter Olympic Games are held not in the same year, in which summer falls, but two years later.
The history of the first Olympiad the most interesting facts
Sometimes the Olympics are called the Olympics, which is wrong: the Olympics are the four-year period between the successive Olympics. When, for example, they say that the 2008 Games are the 29th Olympiad, it is understood that from 1896 to 2008, 29 periods of four years each passed. But there were only 26 Games: in 1916.1940 and 1944. There were no Olympic Games - World Wars interfered.
The Greek city of Olympia today attracts crowds of tourists who want to look at the ruins of an ancient city excavated by archaeologists with the remains of the temples of Zeus, Hera and visit the Archaeological Museum of Olympia.