Why is it hard to breathe?
The need to get oxygen from the air is one of the basic human needs. Without air, an average person can hold out for about 5 minutes. Therefore, being able to breathe free fresh air is essential for any of us. However, sometimes there are situations in which we experience breathing problems. In this article we will try to understand the reasons why it is difficult to breathe.
The presence of mechanical obstacles in the path of air to the lungs
Sometimes difficulty breathing occurs at a time when any foreign objects or barriers appear in the respiratory system, preventing the free passage of air into the mouth, throat or nose. To adjust the breathing, this obstacle just needs to be removed.
You have probably noticed that during the attacks of anger, panic and horror, as well as during any strong agitation, not only the heartbeat, but also breathing becomes more frequent. Sometimes you may feel that you do not have enough air.In such a situation, you should try to relax, take a couple of deep breaths and exhalations so that the respiratory system works again as expected.
A frequent cause of difficulty breathing is the development of a certain pathology, such as, for example, bronchitis, asthma, pneumonia and other inflammatory processes in the lungs, as well as the appearance of tumors. If you feel pain in the lungs, difficulty breathing, fever, or if you have a cough, you should immediately consult a doctor to start treatment in time and not get complications.
Also, often, shortness of breath becomes a symptom of the development of heart pathologies, such as heart disease, myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, etc. The reason is that during the development of disorders of the heart’s work, the tissues do not receive enough oxygen and try to compensate for this in every way. Be careful, and if you have any other symptoms of heart disease along with heavy breathing, contact your doctor immediately or call an ambulance.
Some allergic reactions are also accompanied by the appearance of difficulty breathing. Moreover, such a reaction can be caused not only by inhalation of irritating chemicals, but also in the case of ingestion into the body through the esophagus or even through the skin. The most dangerous of these reactions is the so-called angioedema, which causes swelling of the mucous membranes, including the larynx, which can lead to a complete cessation of oxygen in the lungs.
Among other causes of difficulty in breathing, excessive abuse of alcohol and tobacco, obesity or just overweight, a sedentary lifestyle and an abrupt change in living conditions should be noted.